Fleet inspections are required every two years by the end of each odd year. This means that, in 2019, both odd and even year models must be tested and the results reported to Ohio EPA by Dec. 31, 2019. Each motor vehicle owned, leased or operated by the state, local government or any political subdivision whose office is located within a county that is part of a designated program area is subject to inspection, unless otherwise exempt.
In addition, each motor vehicle that is owned or leased by the federal government or its employees and is operated on a federal installation within a county that is part of a designated program area is subject to inspection.
Ohio E-Check requires passenger cars and trucks 25 years old and newer with gross vehicle weight ratings up to 10,000 pounds to be tested. This can include some 1-to-5 ton heavy-duty trucks. In addition, covert (including police) vehicles are required to obtain a test. Vehicles are tested on a 25-year rolling window. New vehicles are exempt for the first four model years. For example, 2016 through 2019 model year vehicles are exempt from testing in 2019.
Diesel-powered cars and trucks also undergo inspection. They receive an opacity test, which differs from the tailpipe test gasoline-powered vehicles receive (Diesel vehicles are not significant sources of hydrocarbons and carbon monoxide, but they do emit large amounts of particulate matter, a documented respiratory irritant. So, diesel vehicles receive a special test relating to particulate matter).
Model year 1996 and newer gasoline-fueled vehicles and model year 1997 and newer diesel-fueled vehicles less than 10,001 lbs gross vehicle weight rating (GVWR) will undergo an OBD II test instead of the tailpipe test. For more information on OBD II, please see the OBD II FAQ.
In 2019, vehicles of model years 1995 through 2015 are required to be inspected. Model years 2016, 2017, 2018 and 2019 are exempt as "NEW" (see exemption codes).
The Government Fleet Reporting Form must be completed by your agency, submitted to and received by Ohio EPA no later than Dec. 31, 2019. The reporting form lists all vehicles your agency owns with their test results or exemption codes.
Vehicles whose gross vehicle weight rating (GVWR) is over 10,000 lbs are exempt as "OGVW" (see exemption codes). The GVWR for your vehicle is printed on the manufacturer's certificate label, which is usually located either on the driver's side door jamb or the driver's side door.
Ohio EPA identifies the GVWR for each vehicle based on its Vehicle Identification Number (VIN) and in most cases, we are able to label those vehicles that are over the 10,000 pound limit as "OGVW" for you.
The lane inspector may ask for the vehicle registration to verify that the vehicle requires testing, however the vehicle can be tested without this item. In accordance with House Bill (H.B.) 119, a vehicle may receive up to three free tests within a 365-day period. With the fourth test, and all thereafter, a voucher will need to be purchased for $18. Vouchers may be purchased at the station. Only one free passing test is permitted within a 365-day period.
Inspections are performed at contractor-run E-Check stations and also at any Cleveland/Akron area Lube Stop, as well as a handful of other private auto repair shops. The test stations are conveniently located throughout the seven-county test area.
For a list of testing locations in your area visit our testing locations page or call 1-800-CAR-TEST.
Ohio EPA recommends not taking all of your vehicles to the test center at the same time if your fleet size is large. Fleets with more than 25 vehicles should schedule appointments at test facilities by contacting Envirotest Systems at 1-800-CAR-TEST or writing to them at Envirotest Systems, 2180 Pinnacle Parkway, Twinsburg, OH, 44087-2366.
When a vehicle passes the inspection, you will receive a Vehicle Inspection Report (VIR), which includes a detachable inspection certificate. The certificate ID number needed to complete the Government Fleet Reporting Form is shown at the bottom of the VIR. Do not send the VIR to Ohio EPA, but keep it for your records.
No. Information must be typed onto reporting forms, using either a typewriter or computer printer. Reporting forms that do not meet this requirement will be returned unprocessed.
In addition to providing certificate IDs for vehicles in your fleet, you must also provide exemption codes for vehicles in you fleet that do not test (see the reporting instructions for exemption codes).
No. There is no exemption for diesel vehicles. Large diesel trucks may be exempt but only if they are older than 25 years old, or are over 10,000 lbs GVWR (Gross Vehicle Weight Rating).
No. Only vehicles that run exclusively on 100 percent alternative fuel, such as compressed natural gas (CNG), propane, or electricity.
If a vehicle fails the test, you will be given an emissions report to assist a repair technician in diagnosing and correcting the problem. A list of licensed repair facilities that have the minimum equipment and specially certified technicians who have completed advanced emissions-repair training will also be provided. Vehicle repairs may be performed by a repair facility of your choice or may be performed in-house.
Option-1 Applies to the Tailpipe Test Only:
Conditional pass waivers are issued after the initial tailpipe test. To qualify for this waiver, the vehicle must show:
a) at least a 30 percent improvement from the initial emissions readings for which the vehicle failed without causing initially passed readings to exceed state standards; AND
b) eligible receipts for emissions-related repairs totaling at least $200. Tampering-related repairs do not count toward this option. Receipts will only be accepted for emission-related repairs performed within 60 days prior to the initial inspection or any time after the initial inspection.
The above type of waiver applies only to vehicles tested via the tailpipe test.
Option-2 Applies to Both OBD II and Tailpipe Tests:
Repair cap waivers are issued to motorists when they have spent $300 or more toward emissions-related repairs on a vehicle and still do not pass. In the case of the tailpipe test, this waiver does not require any improvements in the pollutant(s) for which the vehicle failed. As with the base waiver (conditional pass), tampering-related repairs do not count toward this option. Receipts will only be accepted for emission-related repairs performed within 60 days prior to the initial inspection or any time after the initial inspection.