Credible Data - References

Credible Data is a program that classifies surface water monitoring performed by watershed groups, state agencies, schools, local volunteers and other organizations. Ohio EPA uses the data submitted under the program in ways prescribed by State law.

The documents on this page are cited in Ohio's Credible Data Rules (Chapter 3745-4 of the Administrative Code).

Volunteer Manual - USEPA. 1997. Volunteer Stream Monitoring: A Methods Manual. EPA 841-B-97-003. United States Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Water. Washington D.C. 210 p.

Hach Company. 2005. Water analysis methods published by Hach Company, Loveland, CO.

USEPA. 1983. Methods for Chemical Analysis of Water and Wastes. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. EPA 600/4-79-020. United States Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Research and Development, Environmental Monitoring and Support Laboratory. Cincinnati, Ohio. 552 p. Also see www.epa.gov/waterscience/methods/method/.

Eaton, A.D., E.W. Rice, R.B. Baird, L.S. Clesceri, (editors). 2012. Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater: Centennial Edition. 22nd Edition. ISBN: 9780875530130. American Public Health Association. Washington, D.C. 1368 p.

Anderson, P. and R. D. Davic. 2004. Use of transparency tubes for rapid assessment of total suspended solids and turbidity in streams. Lake and Reservoir Management. 20(2): 110-120. [PDF 1,903K]

(The following documents can be obtained by contacting Ohio Department of Natural Resources, Division of Natural Areas & Preserves, 2045 Morse Road, Bldg. F-1, Columbus OH 43229 (614) 265-6453.)

  • Kopec J. and S. Lewis. 1983. Stream quality monitoring. Ohio Department of Natural Resources, Division of Natural Areas and Preserves, Scenic Rivers Programs. Columbus, Ohio. 20 p.

  • Ohio DNR. 1993. A guide to volunteer stream monitoring. Ohio Department of Natural Resources, Division of Natural Areas and Preserves, Scenic Rivers Section. Columbus, Ohio. 23 p.

Omernik, J.M. 1987. Ecoregions of the conterminous United States. Ann. Assoc. Amer. Geogr. 77(1):118-125.

Barbour M.T., J. Gerritsen, B.D. Snyder, and J.B. Stribling. 1999. Rapid bioassessment protocols for use in streams and wadable rivers: periphyton, benthic macroinvertebrates and fish. Second edition. EPA 841/B-99-002. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Water. Washinton D.C.

Johnson, K. S. 2007. Field and Laboratory Methods for using the MAIS (Macroinvertebrate Aggregated Index for Streams) in Rapid Bioassessment of Ohio Streams. Ohio University Department of Biological Sciences. Athens, OH. 18 pp. [PDF 332K]

Smith, E.P. and J.R. Voshell. 1997. Studies of benthic macroinvertebrates and fish in streams within EPA Region 3 for the development of biological indicators of ecological condition. Part 1, benthic macroinvertebrates. Report to U.S. EPA.. Cooperative Agreement CF821462010. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Washington D.C. 118 pp. [PDF 2,013K] 

Rantz, Saul Edward et al. 1982. Measurement and computation of streamflow -- v. 1, Measurement of stage and discharge: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Supply Paper 2175. United States Department of Interior, U.S. Geological Survey. Washington D.C. 284 p.

(1) References for water quality sampling procedures.

(2) References for chemical and microbiological laboratory methods.

(a) Eaton, A.D., E.W. Rice, R.B. Baird, L.S. Clesceri, (editors). 2012. Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater: Centennial Edition. 22st Edition. ISBN: 9780875530130. American Public Health Association. Washington, D.C. 1368 p.

(b) Ohio EPA. 1998. Permit Guidance #5 - Reporting and Testing Guidance for Biomonitoring Required by the Ohio Environmental Protection Agency. Ohio Environmental Protection Agency, Division of Surface Water. Columbus, Ohio. 31 p. (plus six attachments).

(c) U.S. EPA. 40 C.F.R. 136. July 1, 2004 edition.

(d) U.S. EPA. 1983. Methods for Chemical Analysis of Water and Wastes. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. EPA 600/4-79-020. United States Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Research and Development, Environmental Monitoring and Support Laboratory. Cincinnati, Ohio. 552 p.

(e) U.S. EPA. 1978. Microbiological Methods for Monitoring the Environment, Water and Wastes . EPA-600/8-78/017. United States Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Research and Development, Environmental Monitoring and Support Laboratory, Cincinnati, Ohio. 356 p.

(f) Fishman, M. J. (editor). 1993. Methods of analysis by the U.S. Geological Survey National Water Quality Laboratory; determination of inorganic and organic constituents in water and fluvial sediments. Open File report 93-125. United States Department of the Interior, U. S. Geological Survey. Denver, CO.

(g) Stevens, H.H. et. al. 1975. Water temperature-influential factors, field measurements and data presentation. In: Techniques of Water-Resource Investigations, Book 1, Chapter D1. United States Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey. Washington, D.C.

(h) ASTM. 2016. Annual Book of ASTM Standards, Water and Environmental Technology. Volume 11.01: Sampling and Flow Measurement; Inorganic Constituents. Volume 11.02. Organic Constituents. American Society for Testing and Materials International. West Conshohocken, PA.

(i) AOAC. 2016. Official Methods of Analysis of AOAC INTERNATIONAL. 20th Edition. 2016. AOAC INTERNATIONAL. Gaithersburg, Maryland

(j) Arar, J.E. and B.G. Collins (USEPA). 1997. Method 445.0. In Vitro Determination of Chlorophyll a and Pheophytin a in Marine and Freshwater Algae by Fluorescence. Revision 1.2. September 1997.

(k) Ohio EPA. 2016. “Ohio EPA Total (Extracellular and Intracellular) Microcystins – ADDA by ELISA Analytical Methodology. Ohio EPA DES 701.0. Version 2.2. November 2016. Ohio EPA Division of Environmental Services. Columbus, OH. 6 p.”

(l) Ohio EPA. 2016. “Ohio EPA Extracellular Microcystins – ADDA by ELISA Analytical Methodology. Ohio EPA DES 701.2 Version 1.0. May 2016. Ohio EPA Division of Environmental Services. Columbus, OH. 6 p.”

(m) Ohio EPA. 2016. “Ohio EPA Total (Extracellular and Intracellular) Saxitoxin by ELISA Analytical Methodology. Ohio EPA DES 702.0. Version 2.0. November 2016. Ohio EPA Division of Environmental Services. Columbus, OH. 6 p.”

(n) Ohio EPA. 2016. “Ohio EPA Extracellular Saxitoxin by ELISA Analytical Methodology. Ohio EPA DES 702.1. Version 1.0. November 2016. Ohio EPA Division of Environmental Services. Columbus, OH. 6 p.”

(o) Ohio EPA. 2016. “Ohio EPA Total (Extracellular and Intracellular) Cylindrocpermopsin by ELISA Analytical Methodology. Ohio EPA DES 703.0. November 2016. Ohio EPA Division of Environmental Services. Columbus, OH 6 p.”

(p) Ohio EPA. 2016. “Ohio EPA Quantitative Polymerase Chain Reaction (qPCR) for Determination of Cyanobacteria and Cyanotoxin-Producing Genes Analytical Methodology. Ohio EPA DES 705.0 Version 1.0. July 2016. Ohio EPA Division of Environmental Services. Columbus, OH. 7 p.”

(q) U.S. EPA. 1995. “Determination of Organic Compounds in Drinking Water by Liquid-Solid Extraction and Capillary Column Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry. Method 525.2. Revision 2.0. 1995. United States Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Research and Development, National Exposure Research Laboratory. Cincinnati, OH. 60 p.”

(3) References for stream flow measurement methods.

(4) References for stream habitat measurement methods.

(a) Rankin, E.T. 1989. The qualitative habitat evaluation index (QHEI): rationale, methods, and application. Div. Water Qual. Plan. & Assess., Ecol. Assess. Sect., Columbus, Ohio.

(b) Midwest Biodiversity Institute (for Ohio EPA, Division of Surface Water). 2006. Methods for assessing habitat in flowing waters using the qualitative habitat evaluation index (QHEI). 26 pp.

(c) Rankin, E. T. 1995. The use of habitat assessments in water resource management programs. pp. 181-208. In: W. Davis and T. Simon (eds.). Biological Assessment and Criteria: Tools for Water Resource Planning and Decision Making. Lewis Publishers. Boca Raton, FL.

(d) Ohio EPA. 2015. Biological criteria for the protection of aquatic life: volume III: standardized biological field sampling and laboratory methods for assessing fish and macroinvertebrate communities. Ohio EPA. 1989 2015. Biological criteria for the protection of aquatic life: volume III: standardized biological field sampling and laboratory methods for assessing fish and macroinvertebrate communities. Division of Surface Water, Ecological Assessment Section. Columbus, OH.

(e) Ohio EPA. 2010. Methods of Assessing Habitat in Lake Erie Shoreline Waters Using the Qualitative Habitat Evaluation Index (QHEI) Approach (Version 2.1). 35 p.

(f) Thoma, R. F. 2006. Development and Assessment of a Qualitative Habitat Evaluation Index For Application In Coastal Wetlands of the Great Lakes. pp. 171-194. In: T. P. Simon and P. M. Stewart (eds.). Coastal Wetlands of the Laurentian Great Lakes. Health Habitat and Indicators. AuthorHouse. Bloomington, IN.

(5) References for fish and macroinvertebrate community measurement methods.

(a) Ohio Environmental Protection Agency. 1987a. Biological criteria for the protection of aquatic life: Volume I. The role of biological data in water quality assessment. Div. Water Qual. Monit. & Assess., Surface Water Section. Columbus, Ohio.

(b) Ohio Environmental Protection Agency. 1988b. Biological criteria for the protection of aquatic life: Volume II. Users manual for biological field assessment of Ohio surface waters. Div. Water Qual. Monit. & Assess., Surface Water Section. Columbus, Ohio.

(c) Ohio Environmental Protection Agency. 1989a. Addendum to Biological criteria for the protection of aquatic life: Volume II. Users manual for biological field assessment of Ohio surface waters. Div. Water Qual. Plan. & Assess., Ecological Assessment Section. Columbus, Ohio.

(d) Ohio Environmental Protection Agency. 2015. Biological criteria for the protection of aquatic life: Volume III. Standardized biological field sampling and laboratory methods for assessing fish and macroinvertebrate communities. Division of Surface Water. Columbus, Ohio.

(e) Ohio Environmental Protection Agency. 2006. 2006 Updates to Biological Criteria for the Protection of Aquatic Life: Volume II and Volume II Addendum. Users Manual for Biological Field Assessment of Ohio Surface Waters. Division of Surface Water. Columbus, Ohio. 14 p.

(f) Ohio Environmental Protection Agency. 2008b. 2008 Updates to Biological Criteria for the Protection of Aquatic Life: Volume III. Standardized Biological Field Sampling and Laboratory Methods for Assessing Fish and Macroinvertebrate Communities. Division of Surface Water. Columbus, Ohio. 12 p.

(g) DeShon, J.D. 1995. Development and application of the invertebrate community index (ICI). pp. 217-243. In: W.S. Davis and T. Simon (eds.). Biological Assessment and Criteria: Tools for Risk-based Planning and Decision Making. Lewis Publishers. Boca Raton, FL. 28 pp.

(h) Thoma, Roger. 1999. Biological Monitoring and an Index of Biotic Integrity for Lake Erie's Nearshore Waters. Chapter 16 in Assessing the Sustainability and Biological Integrity of Water Resources Using Fish Communities. Edited by Thomas P. Simon. 672 p. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL.

(i) Yoder, C.O. 1995. Policy issues and management applications for biological criteria. pp. 327-344. In: W.S. Davis and T. Simon (eds.). Biological Assessment and Criteria: Tools for Water Resource Planning and Decision Making. Lewis Publishers. Boca Raton, FL.