Collection, Storage and Disposal Facilities
The collection of scrap tires from the public, prior to transportation to an approved storage, recovery or disposal facility, may occur at a scrap tire collection facility registered and licensed by Ohio EPA. The maximum storage area of scrap tires at a collection facility is 5,000 cubic feet (185 cubic yards) and all scrap tires must be stored in portable containers.
The storage of scrap tires in a manner that does not meet the criteria for a collection facility is defined as a scrap tire storage facility. Scrap tires may be stored outside of portable containers at one of the following facility types: a registered and licensed Class II facility that does not exceed 10,000 square feet or a permitted and licensed Class I facility that does not exceed three acres. The disposal of scrap tires in Ohio can only occur at permitted and licensed scrap tire monofills.
Scrap tire collection, storage and disposal facilities must comply with operational requirements contained in Ohio’s scrap tire regulations.
Scrap Tire Recovery Facilities
Conversion of scrap tires into other raw materials or products is always preferable to disposal. Scrap tire recovery facilities process scrap tires for the purpose of extracting or producing usable products, materials or energy from the scrap tires. Processing includes but is not limited to: a controlled combustion process, mechanical process, thermal process or chemical process that uses whole, split, or shredded scrap tires as a raw material.
In addition, scrap tire recovery facilities include any facilities that use the controlled combustion of scrap tires in a manufacturing process to produce process heat or steam or any facility that produces usable heat or electric power through the controlled combustion of scrap tires in combination with another fuel. There are two classes of stationary scrap tire recovery facilities, as well as mobile recovery facilities:
- A "class I scrap tire recovery facility" means a scrap tire recovery facility with a permitted daily design input capacity of 200 tons of scrap tires per day or greater.
- A "class II scrap tire recovery facility" means a scrap tire recovery facility with a registered daily design input capacity of less than 200 tons of scrap tires per day.
- A "mobile scrap tire recovery facility" is owned or operated by a person not otherwise licensed as a class I or class II scrap tire recovery facility in Ohio. In addition, it means any unit for processing tires which is designed by the manufacturer for the regular movement from one operating site to another. These mobile facilities also include any tire cutting, baling or shredding equipment that is moved from site to site for the purpose of processing scrap tires into a useable product at the site or before the scrap tires are removed from the site.
Any person beneficially using whole, cut or shredded scrap tires must first obtain approval from Ohio EPA. For those beneficial uses preapproved in rule, a notification must be sent to Ohio EPA and the approved health district. For a beneficial use project not preapproved in rule, a project plan must be submitted to and approved by Ohio EPA prior to the acceptance of scrap tires. Prior approval is not required for projects involving fewer than 100 tires.
Disposal of scrap tires in Ohio can occur only at permitted and licensed scrap tire monofills (OAC 3745-27-70) or scrap tire monocells (OAC 3745-27-69). The permit application must be submitted to the appropriate Ohio EPA district office. The license application must be submitted to the approved local health department. Fees for the permit and license are based on the permitted authorized maximum daily waste receipts. Financial assurance is based on estimated closure costs for the facility.
The beneficial use of whole, cut or shredded scrap tires must be in accordance with OAC 3745-27-78. Prior approval of a project plan by Ohio EPA is required unless the beneficial use is for 100 tires or less or is approved by rule in OAC 3745-27-78.
Open Dump Cleanup
During the 1993 creation of Ohio's scrap tire laws, the Ohio General Assembly included a provision in the statute that allows state-funded cleanups without subsequent cost recovery of small tire piles (100 to 2,000 tires) provided that six specific conditions are applicable (ORC 3734.85(E)). As of Sept. 5 2012, the maximum quantity of eligible tires under this statute increased from 2,000 to 5,000 tires per site.
The state-funded scrap tire cleanup is available to both private and public sector applicants; however, not all scrap tire sites qualify under this program. Specific conditions spelled out by statute limit eligible sites to parcels with tires that were acquired through estates by bequeath or devise and to parcels where the current property owner is a victim of scrap tire open dumping and no responsible party has been identified. In either case, the applicant must state that no financial benefit was received from the tires being placed on the parcel. Tires collected during tire amnesty collection events are not eligible for pick-up and disposal under this program.
This scrap tire remediation program has also been used to financially assist many county and local governmental entities by using state contractors to remove and dispose of discarded scrap tires from temporary collection points for open dumped tires which have been picked up by road crews and/or volunteers from public roadways and alley rights-of-way and during river sweeps. At some locations, costs have been reduced by land owners’ efforts to collect and stack tires for pick-up and by the use of “community service” and inmate labor to assist loading scrap tires into trailers or roll-off containers.
The number of tires on any parcel must not be less than 100 tires or more than 5,000 tires. The scrap tires may be any size and may be either un-mounted or on rims. Solid wastes may also be removed from those parcels where the scrap tires are comingled with other solid wastes and thereby necessitate the removal of other wastes in order to access the scrap tires.
For more information about Ohio’s scrap tire program, please see the menu below.