Scrap Tires

The Division of Materials and Waste Management regulates the generation, transportation, storage, collection and recovery of scrap tires.

A scrap tire is defined as any unwanted or discarded tire, regardless of size, that has been removed from its original use.


of scrap tires to Ohio EPA's toll-free scrap tire hotline 877-372-2621

Any person or business transporting more than 10 scrap tires in Ohio, regardless of origin or destination of the load, must first register with Ohio EPA. Registration certificates may only be used by the employees of the business listed on the registration.

Loaning registration certificates to persons not employed by the business listed on the registration is not permissible. Registered transporters must comply with regulations governing the transportation, tracking, storage and management of scrap tires.

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Collection, Storage and Disposal Facilities

The collection of scrap tires from the public, prior to transportation to an approved storage, recovery or disposal facility, may occur at a scrap tire collection facility registered and licensed by Ohio EPA. The maximum storage area of scrap tires at a collection facility is 5,000 cubic feet (185 cubic yards) and all scrap tires must be stored in portable containers.

The storage of scrap tires in a manner that does not meet the criteria for a collection facility is defined as a scrap tire storage facility. Scrap tires may be stored outside of portable containers at one of the following facility types: a registered and licensed Class II facility that does not exceed 10,000 square feet or a permitted and licensed Class I facility that does not exceed three acres. The disposal of scrap tires in Ohio can only occur at permitted and licensed scrap tire monofills.

Scrap tire collection, storage and disposal facilities must comply with operational requirements contained in Ohio’s scrap tire regulations.

Scrap Tire Recovery Facilities

Conversion of scrap tires into other raw materials or products is always preferable to disposal. Scrap tire recovery facilities process scrap tires for the purpose of extracting or producing usable products, materials or energy from the scrap tires. Processing includes but is not limited to: a controlled combustion process, mechanical process, thermal process or chemical process that uses whole, split, or shredded scrap tires as a raw material.

In addition, scrap tire recovery facilities include any facilities that use the controlled combustion of scrap tires in a manufacturing process to produce process heat or steam or any facility that produces usable heat or electric power through the controlled combustion of scrap tires in combination with another fuel. There are two classes of stationary scrap tire recovery facilities, as well as mobile recovery facilities:

  • A "class I scrap tire recovery facility" means a scrap tire recovery facility with a permitted daily design input capacity of 200 tons of scrap tires per day or greater.

  • A "class II scrap tire recovery facility" means a scrap tire recovery facility with a registered daily design input capacity of less than 200 tons of scrap tires per day.

  • A "mobile scrap tire recovery facility" is owned or operated by a person not otherwise licensed as a class I or class II scrap tire recovery facility in Ohio. In addition, it means any unit for processing tires which is designed by the manufacturer for the regular movement from one operating site to another. These mobile facilities also include any tire cutting, baling or shredding equipment that is moved from site to site for the purpose of processing scrap tires into a usable product at the site or before the scrap tires are removed from the site.

Beneficial Use

Any person beneficially using whole, cut or shredded scrap tires must first obtain approval from Ohio EPA. For those beneficial uses preapproved in rule, a notification must be sent to Ohio EPA and the approved health district. For a beneficial use project not preapproved in rule, a project plan must be submitted to and approved by Ohio EPA prior to the acceptance of scrap tires. Prior approval is not required for projects involving fewer than 100 tires.


Disposal of scrap tires in Ohio can occur only at permitted and licensed scrap tire monofills (OAC 3745-27-70) or scrap tire monocells (OAC 3745-27-69). The permit application must be submitted to the appropriate Ohio EPA district office. The license application must be submitted to the approved local health department. Fees for the permit and license are based on the permitted authorized maximum daily waste receipts. Financial assurance is based on estimated closure costs for the facility.

The beneficial use of whole, cut or shredded scrap tires must be in accordance with OAC 3745-27-78. Prior approval of a project plan by Ohio EPA is required unless the beneficial use is for 100 tires or less or is approved by rule in OAC 3745-27-78.

Open Dump Cleanup

During the 1993 creation of Ohio's scrap tire laws, the Ohio General Assembly included a provision in the statute that allows state-funded cleanups without subsequent cost recovery of small tire piles (100 to 2,000 tires) provided that six specific conditions are applicable (ORC 3734.85(E)).  As of September 5, 2012, the maximum quantity of eligible tires under this statute increased from 2,000 to 5,000 tires per site.

The state-funded scrap tire cleanup is available to both private and public sector applicants; however, not all scrap tire sites qualify under this program. Specific conditions spelled out by statute limit eligible sites to parcels with tires that were acquired through estates by bequeath or devise and to parcels where the current property owner is a victim of scrap tire open dumping and no responsible party has been identified. In either case, the applicant must state that no financial benefit was received from the tires being placed on the parcel. Tires collected during tire amnesty collection events are not eligible for pick-up and disposal under this program.

This scrap tire remediation program has also been used to financially assist many county and local governmental entities by using state contractors to remove and dispose of discarded scrap tires from temporary collection points for open dumped tires which have been picked up by road crews and/or volunteers from public roadways and alley rights-of-way and during river sweeps. At some locations, costs have been reduced by land owners’ efforts to collect and stack tires for pick-up and by the use of “community service” and inmate labor to assist loading scrap tires into trailers or roll-off containers.

The number of tires on any parcel must not be less than 100 tires or more than 5,000 tires. The scrap tires may be any size and may be either un-mounted or on rims. Solid wastes may also be removed from those parcels where the scrap tires are comingled with other solid wastes and thereby necessitate the removal of other wastes in order to access the scrap tires.

For more information about Ohio’s scrap tire program, please see the menu below.

  • Ohio EPA Guidance Document Search - Enables users to search for forms, guidance documents, publications, newsletters, checklists etc. on a variety of Ohio EPA issues and topics.

Acceptable Vegetation and Cap System Maintenance (GD 179)

Alternate Daily Log of Operations Request Procedure (GD# 001) 

Annual Report - Scrap Tire Monofill or Monocell Facility (GD# 681)

Applicability of Landfill Facility Construction Rule (GD# 699)

Beneficial Use of Scrap Tires  (GD# 671)

Class 1 and 2 Scrap Tire Recovery Facilities (GD# 649)

Class 1 and 2 Scrap Tire Storage Facilities (GD# 648)

Closure/Post-Closure Care Cost Estimates (GD# 675)

Constructing Recompacted Soil Liners and Soil Barrier Layers (GD# 692)

Definition for Aquifer System

Effect of Ohio’s Antidegradation Rule on Processing Solid Waste Permits and Construction and Demolition Debris Licenses (GD# 515) 

Financial Assurance for Scrap Tire Facilities and Transporters (GD# 644)

Frequently Asked Questions about the Management of Soils (GD# 610)

How Do Ohio's Scrap Tire Rules Affect Generators of Scrap Tires? (GD# 645)

Interpreting Results from the Two Stage Borehole Test (GD# 695)

Law Enforcement Guide to Scrap Tires (GD# 1007)

Managing Leachate and Condensate (GD# 538)

Mobile Scrap Tire Recovery Facilities (GD# 641)

Mosquito Control and Storage of Scrap Tires (GD# 646)

Ohio's Scrap Tire Cleanup Program - Fact Sheet (GD# 651)

Open Dumping and Open Burning 

Permitting of Borrow Areas (GD#  627) 

Permit-to-Install Application Form - Attachment A3a (GD# 701)

Permit-to-Install Application Form - Attachment B3a (GD# 702)

Permit-to-Install Application Form - Attachment A3b (GD# 703)

Permit-to-Install Application Form - Attachment B3b (GD# 704)

Public Involvement Requirements for Solid Waste Permits  (GD# 212)

Significant Zone of Saturation (GD# 176)

Scrap Tire Collection Facilities (GD# 650)

Scrap Tire Shipping Papers (GD# 639)

Selecting Material for Cap Protection Layers (GD# 700)

Siting Criteria (GD# 693)

Standards and Requirements for Scrap Tire Transporters (GD# 640)

Use of Shredded Tires in Landfill Construction (GD# 599)

Unstable Slopes Advisory for solid waste landfill facilities (GD# 586) 

What is a Scrap Tire? (GD# 642)

What is Authorized Maximum Daily Waste Receipt Limit?  (GD# 532)

Do scrap tire transporters need to have financial assurance? 

Answer Place - Enables users to search frequently asked questions, or submit their own question/comment on a variety of Ohio EPA issues and topics.

Phone: (614) 728-5335

Fax: (614) 728-5315

Email Webmaster

Physical address:
Lazarus Government Center
50 W. Town St., Suite 700
Columbus, Ohio 43215

Mailing address:
Lazarus Government Center
50 W. Town St., Suite 700
P.O. Box 1049
Columbus, Ohio 43216-1049 

Compliance Assurance Section
McCoy, Bruce Manager
(614) 728-5345
Shear, Aaron
Supervisor, Solid Waste Compliance and Inspection Support 
(614) 728-5350
Chapman, Barry Solid waste; infectious waste; construction & demolition debris and compliance & inspection support (614) 728-5344
Hillyer, Holly  Solid waste; infectious waste; constructions & demolition debris and compliance & inspection support  (614) 728-5348
Cummins, Adam  Solid waste; infectious waste; constructions & demolition debris and compliance & inspection support
(614) 728-5328
Boyer, Matt
Solid waste; infectious waste; constructions & demolition debris and compliance & inspection support  (614) 728-5351

Engineering, Remediation and Authorizations Section
Carroll, Jeremy Manager (614) 644-2830
Livchak, Connie Supervisor, Financial Assurance & Remediation (614) 644-2966
Haritos, Fanny Solid waste financial assurance (614) 728-5343
Church, Janice
Scrap Tire Remediation and contracting; orphaned landfills (614) 728-5323