Infectious Waste

Ohio EPA regulates the generation and treatment of infectious waste, as authorized by Chapter 3734 of the Ohio Revised Code. Businesses generating more than fifty (50) pounds of infectious waste in any calendar month are required to register with Ohio EPA and, among other requirements, ensure all infectious waste is treated prior to ultimate disposal.  Approved treatment technologies may be used onsite, or infectious wastes may be sent to a commercial treatment facility.

Ohio’s infectious waste regulations contain approved treatment methods.  Most commonly, autoclave and incineration technologies are used to treat infectious waste prior to disposal.  Additional approved treatment methods include chemical treatment utilizing a sodium hypochlorite solution (bleach) for stocks and cultures; applied heat encapsulation for sharps; and chemical treatment utilizing peracetic acid and grinding.  A business may submit a request for site-specific or statewide approval of an alternative treatment technology.

Transportation of infectious waste (hazardous material) is regulated by the Public Utilities Commission of Ohio (PUCO).  For more information regarding the transportation of infectious waste, please contact PUCO by telephone at (800) 686-PUCO (7826).

For more information about Ohio’s Infectious Waste Program, please see the menu below.